The Books

Allah has guided and helped the human race in many ways. One of these ways was to reveal a book containing the laws prescribed for a particular people though their Prophets. Each of the

Prophets who received a divinely revealed Book also received a wisdom enable them to explain and teach their people how to best implement the divinely revealed Books. 

These Books explain to the people that Allah was the only one worthy of worship, and that true success in this life and the Hereafter would only be reached by worshiping Him alone, without any partners or associates. They explained laws and codes for the people to follow; they informed of life in the Hereafter, giving glad tidings to those who obeyed the Messengers, and warning of severe punishment for those who rejected their guidance.

We learn that Ibrahim (Abraham, peace be upon him) received Divine Book as well as the wisdom: {But We had already given the house of Ibrahim the Book and the Wisdom, and conferred upon them a great kingdom.} [4:54] Today, the most famous among the Prophets are those whom Allah sent to the Israelites: {And We bestowed upon him (Ibrahim) Ishaq and Yaqub (Isaac and Jacob) and ordained among his offspring Prophet hood and Revelation...} [29:27] 

From this lineage of Prophets, we are aware of the following Books: the Suhuf (Scrolls) revealed to Ibrahim (Abraham), the Zaboor revealed to Dawud (David), the Tawrah (Torah) revealed to Musa (Moses), the Injeel (Gospel) revealed to Isa (Jesus), and the Qur’an revealed to Muhammad , whose lineage traces back to Abraham through Ismael (peace be upon them all).

Though there were many Prophets and Messengers sent to mankind, a relatively small number of them have been mentioned to us by name. These Prophets and their Books are to be believed in, although today humanity does not posses the actual Books that the Prophet received from Allah nor the advice that each Prophet gave to his followers. 

For example, we know that the Torah was altered through time. This fact is easily accessible to all who dire to find it: {Indeed We did reveal the Torah, therein was guidance and light, by which the Prophet’s, who surrendered to Allah's Will, judged the Jews; and the Rabbis and the Priests (who judged also), for to them was entrusted the protections of Allah's Book, and they wee witness to it; therefore fear not men but fear Me and sell not My Signs for a miserable price. And who-so-ever odes not judge by what Allah has revealed, such are disbelievers.} [5:44] and: {Then woe to those who write the Book with their own hands and then say, ‘This is from Allah’, to earn for it a cheap price! Woe to them for what their hands have written...} [2:79] and: {But the transgressors changed the word from that which was sent to them to another, so We sent a wrath form the heavens upon the wrongdoers...} [2:59]. 

Similarly, though we believe in the Injeel (Gospel) that was revealed to Jesus (peace be upon him), we know that it and some of the wisdom that Allah revealed to him have been confused and lost to the extent that today people worship him. {And (remember) when Allah will say, ‘O Jesus, son of Mary! Did you say to men, "Worship me and my mother as two gods besides Allah"? He will say, ‘Glory be to you! It was not my place to say what I had no right to say. If I said such a thing, You would surely have known it. You know what in my self though I know not what in Yours. Truly, You, only You are the All-Knower of the unknown. I never said anything to them but You commanded me to say: "Worship Allah, my Lord and your Lord." And I was a witness over them only while I dwelt among them, but when You took me away, You were a watcher over them, and You are witness to all things.} [5:116-117]

The Last Revelation The Qur’an is the Last of the Revealed Books. It is preserved in the exact original form that the Prophet Muhammad uttered. This is a fact attested to by the majority of scholars and historians. The following are some important facts about the Qur’an: 

Allah's Messenger Muhammad who was not able to read and write, received the first revelation from the Qur’an in the Cave of Hira in the year 610.

  • The Qur’an was revealed to Muhammad in sections - some large than others- delivered by the Angel Jibreel (Gabriel, peace be upon him) over a twenty-two year period. 
  • The revealed portion were immediately memorized and written on parchment and stone under the supervision of the Prophet (peace be upon him). 
  • The Qur’an was collected into one book only after the passing of Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him). Abu Bakr, the first Caliph, who live only two years longer than Allah's Messenger Muhammad , had the Qur’an compiled in book-form during his own life.
  • The tradition of learning the Qur’an by heart in its original language, and protecting its memorization continued until today, so that in many cities of the world, there are numerous people who have memorized its 114 chapters of 6,236 verses. 

In summary, Muslims believe in all of the Divine Revelations which were revealed to every Prophet who ever lived. However, we do not adhere to any former revelation as we have been commanded by Allah to follow His Last Messenger Muhammad , and to believe in and implement the Qur’an and the Wisdom which was revealed to him. 

Read 15618 times Last modified on Friday, 06 December 2013 03:40
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